Talk by Michele Scaltritti and May DaP meeting

The next DaP meeting will take place on the 19th of May at 15:30 at the Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive (Salle de Voutes), Bâtiment 9 Case D, 3, place Victor Hugo, Marseille . During the meeting, Michele Scaltritti from the Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive will present a study on: The functional relationship between language and motor processing in typewriting: An EEG study

Authors: Michele Scaltritti1, Svetlana Pinet1, Marieke Longcamp2, F.-Xavier Alario1

Affiliations: 1LPC UMR 7290, Aix-Marseille Université , CNRS, France; 2LNC UMR 7291, Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, France

Abstract : There is growing interest in understanding the functional relationship between language and motor processing during language production. We addressed this issue using event-related potentials recorded during a typewriting task. Linguistic processes were indexed by the N400 component, and  motor processes were indexed by lateralized response-related potentials. The experiment consisted in a semantic-priming paradigm, with written prime-words briefly presented before auditory target-words. We manipulated factorially the Semantic Relatedness between primes and targets (Related vs. Unrelated), and Response Side (first two letters of the targets typed with Right vs. Left hand).
The standard N400 effect was replicated, with an attenuation of the negative going potential in the Related compared to the Unrelated condition. Response Side yielded lateralized potentials traditionally linked with motor-response preparation, consisting in negative-going components over electrodes contralateral to the responding hand, and more positive-going ones over ipsilateral electrodes. The two manipulations yielded independent effects, with no signs of statistical interaction. These results appear to be more in line with a staged account of the transition from language to motor processing in the context of language production.