The next DaP meeting will take place on the 17th of March at 15:30 at the Laboratoire Parole et Langage, 5 Avenue Pasteur, 13100 Aix-en-Provence. During the meeting, Mathieu Declerck will present a study on: Bilingual inhibition during naming and reading.
Authors: Mathieu Declerck1, Andrea M. Philipp2, and Jonathan Grainger1
Affiliations: 1 Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, Brain & Language Research Institute, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France; 2 Institute of Psychology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
Abstract: Many models assume that inhibition plays an integral role during bilingual language control (i.e., a process that restricts bilingual language processing to the target language). However, there is limited evidence for such a claim. In the current study, we set out to investigate one known marker of inhibition (i.e., n-2 language repetition costs) that has solely been investigated with digit naming. In the current study, we investigated n-2 language repetition costs during picture naming and written word reading aloud. Several studies demonstrated that picture naming requires lexical-semantic processing, whereas reading aloud words mainly relies on phonological processing. Since most bilingual inhibition models assume that inhibition is implemented during lexical-semantic processing, little to no n-2 language repetition costs should be found during written word reading, but large costs are expected during picture naming. The results showed that n-2 language repetition costs were found during both naming and reading aloud, but were smaller with the latter. Our results clearly indicate that inhibition is implemented during picture naming and reading words aloud in bilinguals, even though less inhibition is implemented during reading aloud due to a possible lexical-semantic locus of inhibition.